Migration is the movement of people or animals from one place to another.
What is Human Migration?
It is the movement of people from one place in the world to another for the purpose of taking up permanent or semi permanent residence, usually across a political boundary. An example of “semi permanent residence” would be the seasonal movements of migrant farm laborers. People can either choose to move (“voluntary migration”) or be forced to move (“involuntary migration”).
It impacts both the place left behind, and on the place where migrants settle. It occurs at a variety of scales: intercontinental (between continents), intercontinental (between countries on a given continent), and inter-regional (within countries). One of the most significant pattern has been rural to urban. Migrations have occurred throughout human history, beginning with the movements of the first human groups from their origins in East Africa to their current location in the world.
Migration according to Census of India
- When a person is enumerated in census at a different place than his / her place of birth, she / he is considered a migrant. This may be due to marriage, which is the most common reason for migration among females-or for work, what is the case as generally among males, etc. It also happens that many return to their place of birth after staying out.
- Migrants by place of birth are those who are enumerated at a village/town at the time of census other than their place of birth.
- A person is considered as migrant by place of last residence, if the place in which he is enumerated during the census is other than his place of immediate last residence. By capturing the latest of the migrations in cases where persons have migrated more than once, this concept would give a better picture of current migration scenario.
Read about: What is Counter Urbanisation