An example of “Systemic Change” Systemic change is the ceaseless flow of change through time. It is inevitable. The human dependency on his environment and his competitive behaviour causes changes…

Collaborative Planning Theory is one of the most widely practiced theories which takes into account the roles  of the people for a better plan making. Four Components of Collaborative Planning…

Political Economy Model in Urban Planning Political Economy Model aims at unearthing the power relations in and among different institutions. It studies the economic aspects of the government. It analyses the relation…

Emergence of various planning concepts With the emergence of town or urban planning the need of research also grew. These research were an attempt to get a better understanding of…