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Average monthly expenditure of India

The need of revisiting “Food, Clothing and Shelter” as basic necessities for survival

Background 680 million Indians (56 percent of population) lack the means to meet their essential needs states a research done by McKinsey Global Institute in 2014. The Basic Needs Approach is an approach which helps in the measurement of absolute poverty and deprivation in underdeveloped and developing countries. This approach to development gives importance to …

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Migrant Labour

Migrant Inclusive Planning Interventions | Problems, Failure & Strategies

Migration for work is an inescapable reality in India. Approximately 120 million people are estimated to migrate from rural areas to urban labour markets, industries, and farms in search of employment. Migration has become essential for people from regions that face frequent shortages of rainfall or suffer floods or socially backward areas. Poverty, lack of …

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Qualitative and quantitative parameters in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

Qualitative and Quantitative Parameters in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

Introduction To assess or evaluate any subject various parameters are taken into consideration. The parameters can be segregated into two broad categories quantitative parameters and qualitative parameters. Quantitative parameters basically account for the amount/quantity for the concerned subject i.e., how many? Whereas Qualitative parameters are descriptive and are not constrained to some fixed answer or …

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Environmental Laws & Protection Acts in India

Environmental Laws & Protection Acts in India – Emergence, Present Situation and Way Forward

India has a long history and list of environmental laws and protection acts. The first environmental law to be enacted in India dates back to 1865 when under the British Raj, Indian Forest Act was legislated which later got amended in 1878 and then 1927. Instead of protecting the forest, this Act led to the …

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