Geddesian Triad

Introduction to Geddesian Triad

Sir Patrick Geddes Theory is self-explanatory. Geddes was thinking about the relation between people and the places and their impacts on each other.  He mentioned that people may not just need to have a good shelter, but they also do have a need for food, work, and some social life. They also need some entertainment. He founded the concept and mechanism of the city survey and regional survey. The planning of the town exactly meant creating organic relations among the people place and the work that parallels to a triad. This is very similar to the Geddesian triad of environment, function and the organism.

Patrick Geddes- Early Life

Patrick Geddes

Geddes was a Scottish biologist and also a philanthropist. He was very intelligent and was also known as a father of modern town planning. He did most of his primary work in the old town of Edinburgh. Then he got married in the year 1886. His name and his spirit are enduringly linked with the Ramsay Garden. He used to concentrate on the basic unity and the co-relation of nature and culture, and his focus on the disciplinary education and nearby adapted direct activity as a tool of the Geddesian triad.

The Approach of Design & Regional Integration

He thought that the role of the designer was to way. One of them is to contribute to the adaptation of material of the people and their style of living to the particular chances and tasks of the places they stay in. The second of them is to make an effect on the change of culture via education. His aim was not only to take part in the physical expression of the philosophy in form of the design material but also to employ in the culture design. The culturally changed education needs to make it implicit and give a challenge to the basic norms that trigger the dominant view. He also briefed the approach of design that incorporated regional integration and reforms in the culture and the overview of the same.

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Before just a century he said that we need to see our life as a while. You need to see at the life in many aspects as per their relations. However, we need to have a good interest in combined view of life. At a time when the impacts of the exploitation of humanity of the natural resource on earth the destruction of biological and cultural diversity and the change of the atmosphere on the planet are starting to produce some social and economic impacts on the Geddesian triad.

Key Ideas-The design of a different view

His call for a different view of the life needs more attention these days. He thought that there is also a bigger view of the life and nature, a reconstruction of the checking into the production. Like this blend of knowledge and the activity that implants economic and social reflections nicely into the knowledge of logical limits of the hemisphere will truly be parallel to each other with convalescence of the arts as well as sciences. There will be a reformed perspective that will give guidance about the research and the coordination.

The design is very important and it acts as a disciplinary integrator and implementer of the traditional change towards a defensible human sophistication. He gave a different insight to the society. You need to understand the life from various angles. Patrick Geddes was knowing that such an involved worldview coupled by detailed know-how regarding the social and cultural situations of the local regions will be instrumental in giving facilities to the advent of justifiable human societies those are adapted in some different way.

Inspiration & Opinions

He took inspiration from some senior and expert sociologists and he found out a different approach to the town and regional planning that is based on the combination of people and their life. He also said that even planning decisions need to be based on the perfect regional survey that established a stock of flora, fauna, and geology of a region. In the way, this technology pioneered the regional planning way for above 70 years before the start of the bioregionalism.

Geddes Triad

As the first conference of the United Nations on the atmosphere in Rio de Janerio took place, the basic agenda approach to the citizen contribution in the making of the incorporated responses to the sustainability challenges has disbursed on an international level.  Many people may feel this different and unknown. Patrick Geddes gave an example via his practical and theory work as an educator and planner both in the regional places.


Any person who has really enjoyed a picturesque stroll across the old place of  Edinburgh, at the downside Grass Market or at the upside Royal Mile, it is obliged to be a section of this feeling to the strong-willed regeneration work of Geddes and his wife. In the early 20th century, they employed the residents of the old town in a shared clean-up of their nearby place and started the very first reading hall for students. He also started a sociological laboratory and a center for the education on the regional level. He used to call it as outlook tower. He also established the Ramsay Gardens near the castle esplanade, and also took over the charge of the Botany at University College. This is where he started the first international academic summer school in the UK and the Geddesian triad.

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He was an academic scholar who could not be curbed to a single flow. He could not focus properly on theory or the practical. He was also a philosopher who co-ordinated well between various roles. He was an all-rounder. He could perform all the roles well. He has a good social image. He did the regional planning in the most systematic manner. He had a very positive approach to the civic activity that concentrated the requirement of the integration of humanity in some particular conditions of the area.

Invention of Conurbation

The word “conurbation” was also invented by Patrick Geddes. He wrote one book by the name Cities in Evolution in which he did this invention. Generally, the word “urban agglomeration” is being used to get the same meaning as conurbation. He gave good attention to the capacity of a new technique of electric power and the motor-powered transport to permit the cities to spread and coordinate together. He gave examples of many well-known and established places I different nations.

The conurbation is an area that has different towns, cities and some urban regions that through which the growth of the population have combined from one developed area. In many of the cases, a conurbation is a place in which the transportation is developed well in order to link main places in order to create a good labor market. This term is more popularly used in North America. A metropolitan region can be explained by the Census Bureau or it may include a central city and the suburbs too. A conurbation is made up of many side by side metropolitan regions those are linked with each other by urbanization.

This is a good device for the regional analysis. It has the essence of Geddes’s opinions and his work. Now that tower is house to the Patrick Geddes Centre for the planning where exhibitions take place all over the year. Many people come here to see the exhibitions.

Also Read: Central Place Theory by Walter Christaller (1933), Galactic City Model