Human Development Index (HDI), GDI & GEM

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI) What is the human development index (HDI)? The HDI is a composite index that measures a country’s average achievements based on 3 basic aspects of  human development: longevity, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. Longevity is measured by life expectancy at birth; knowledge is measured by a combination of the


Human Poverty Index (HPI)

The Human Poverty Index (HPI) devised by United Nations (UN) which gave an indication of the standard of living in a country. It complemented the Human Development Index (HDI) and was first reported as part of the Human Development Report in 1997. What is the human poverty index (HPI-1 and HPI-2)? Traditionally poverty has been


Environmental Impact Analysis : Egyptian Oil & Gas Activities

  Environmental Impact Analysis on Egyptian Oil & Gas Activities INTRODUCTION This article gives a summary of the Environmental Impact Analysis  of a number of activities that reflect Apache’s oil and gas operations inside Egypt.  Apache Corporation is one of the world’s top independent oil and gas exploration and production companies. It has a significant operating presence


Chandigarh Master Plan by Le Corbusier

Chandigarh Master Plan

Chandigarh Master Plan by Le Corbusier Chandigarh master plan was made by Le Corbusier. He conceived the Chandigarh Master Plan as analogous to human body, with a clearly defined head (the Capitol Complex, Sector 1), heart (the City Centre Sector-17), lungs (the leisure valley, innumerable open spaces and sector greens), the intellect (the cultural and educational


Development Plan – Example of Kanpur Developmet Plan

Development Plan

Introduction-Kanpur Development Plan Development Plan of Kanpur is being made under the Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), which is a city-based programme, to build the capacity of cities for better urban management. It will cover 63 cities over a period of seven years starting from 2005-06. The JNNURM aims to provide an incentive


Need of studying Fertility in Demography

Fertility concerns the addition of new members to a population by birth; that is, the actual performance of a population in bearing children. It is one of the components of population change. Births and deaths are technically referred to as fertility and mortality in demography. It differs from fecundity, which refers to the physiological capability