One of the serious issues faced by our modern world is environmental pollution and it is one the biggest challenges that the world is facing in our day. Without a doubt, Environmental pollution has existed for centuries. But, it began to be a serious issue following the industrial revolution in the 19th century. Pollution generally takes place when pollutants pollute the natural surroundings and it can bring about changes that have an effect on our common lifestyles unfavorably. Evidence suggests that since industrial revolution, environmental pollution has been growing day by day and resulting in severe damage to earth.
Pollutants are the main elements of pollution which are usually waste materials of diverse types. Environmentalists consider that pollution has the capability to disturb our ecosystem and also the steadiness in the environment. With modernization, the rise of factories across the world, the development in the field of technology, the increasing use of vehicles and growth in our lives, pollution has hit the highest point. Environmental pollution is a major reason for giving rise to global warming and many if the incurable human diseases. Pollution happens in dissimilar forms such as air, water, soil, radioactive, light, noise, and heat.
The effects of pollution are certainly many and extensive. Extreme levels of pollution are causing scores of harm to human health, animal health, tropical rainforests, as well as the extensive environment. All kinds of pollution including air, water, soil pollution, etc have an impact on the environment. Following are main types of environmental pollution that we must be careful:
- Air Pollution
- Water Pollution
- Land Pollution
- Noise Pollution
- Radiation Pollution
- Thermal Pollution, etc
One of the most common types of environmental pollution is water pollution. Generally, water pollution is the contagion of any body of water including lakes, groundwater, sea, oceans, etc. A few examples of water pollution include raw sewage running into lake or streams, Industrial waste drips polluting groundwater, illicit putting of stuffs or items within bodies of water, etc. The clearest kind of water pollution affects surface waters including oceans, lakes, and rivers. Sewage, Nutrients, Chemical waste, radioactive waste, etc can make water polluted. Water pollution kills organisms and fish, crabs, birds; sea gulls, dolphins, etc are killed by pollutants.
Air Pollution is another main environmental pollution faced by our world today. Air pollution takes place when damaging stuffs including particulates and biological molecules are dumped into Earth’s atmosphere. It results in diseases, allergies or premature death in humans. Air pollution can bring harm to other living organisms such as animals and food crops that we eat. In general, air pollution is the pollution of air by smoke and risky gases, largely oxides of carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen. Exhausting fumes from vehicles, the burning of fossil fuels, Radiation spills or nuclear accidents, destructive off gassing from things such as paint, plastic production, and so on can cause air pollution.
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Soil Pollution is a serious environmental pollution that our world is facing now. Soil pollution takes place when the existence of toxic chemicals, pollutants or impurities in the soil is in high. It presents high risk to plants, wildlife, humans and certainly, the soil itself. The surplus, escalating use of chemicals such as pesticides, herbicides, insecticides and fertilizers is one of the main features causing soil pollution.
The major cause why the soil becomes impure is on account of the presence of manmade waste. Manmade waste products are full of chemicals and it can lead to soil pollution. Industrial activity, agricultural activities, waste disposal, accidental oil spills, acid rain, etc are main reasons for soil pollution. Effects of soil pollution include effect on health of humans, effect on growth of plants, decreased soil fertility, toxic dust, changes in soil structure, etc.
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Noise pollution has become more of an environmental issue since the industrial age. It is disturbing or extreme noise that has the ability to harm the activity or balance of human as well as animal life. The cause of most outdoor noise globally is largely originated from machines and transportation systems, motor vehicles engines, factory machine sounds, aircraft, and trains. Noise pollution can be resulted from machines, construction activities, and music performances. Noise pollution can cause tinnitus, hearing loss, sleep disturbances, hypertension, high stress levels, and other destructive effects on humans. It causes uneasiness and damage to living being’s mental and physical health.
Some other Main types of environmental pollution that we must be careful include:
- Light pollution: It is a broad term that denotes many problems that are caused by useless, ugly, and pointless use of artificial light. Specific types of light pollution consist of light trespass, over-illumination, glare, light clutter, and sky glow.
- Thermal pollution. It denotes the swift increase or drop off in hotness of a natural body of water which may be ocean, lake, river, sea or pond by human influence. A general reason of thermal pollution is the use of water as a coolant by power plants and business firms.
- Radioactive pollution: It can happen because of the release of radioactive stuffs or high-energy elements into the air, water, or soil on account of excessive human activity, either by mistake or intentionally.
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