One of the serious issues faced by our modern world is environmental pollution, and it is one the most significant challenges that the world is facing in our day. Without a doubt, Environmental pollution has existed for centuries. But, it began to be a severe issue following the industrial revolution in the 19th century. Pollution generally takes place when pollutants pollute the natural surroundings, and it can bring about changes that affect our everyday lifestyles unfavorably. Evidence suggests that since the industrial revolution, environmental pollution has been growing day by day and resulting in severe damage to the earth.
Pollutants are the main elements of pollution which are usually waste materials of diverse types. Environmentalists consider that pollution can disturb our ecosystem and also the steadiness in the environment. With modernization, the rise of factories across the world, the development in the field of technology, the increasing use of vehicles and growth in our lives, pollution has hit the highest point. Environmental pollution is a primary reason for giving rise to global warming and many if the incurable human diseases. Pollution happens in different forms such as air, water, soil, radioactive, light, noise, and heat.
The effects of pollution are undoubtedly many and extensive. Extreme levels of pollution are causing scores of harm to human health, animal health, tropical rainforests, as well as the large environment. All kinds of pollution including air, water, soil pollution, etc. have an impact on the environment. Following are main types of environmental pollution that we must be careful:
- Air Pollution
- Water Pollution
- Land Pollution
- Noise Pollution
- Radiation Pollution
- Thermal Pollution, etc
One of the most common types of environmental pollution is water pollution. Generally, water pollution is the contagion of any body of water including lakes, groundwater, sea, oceans, etc. A few examples of water pollution include raw sewage running into the lake or streams; Industrial waste drips polluting groundwater, the illicit putting of stuff or items within bodies of water, etc. The most explicit kind of water pollution affects surface waters including oceans, lakes, and rivers. Sewage, Nutrients, Chemical waste, radioactive waste, etc. can make water polluted. Water pollution kills pollutants kill organisms and fish, crabs, birds; seagull.s, dolphins, etc.
Air Pollution is another main environmental pollution faced by our world today. Air pollution takes place when damaging stuff including particulates and biological molecules are dumped into Earth’s atmosphere. It results in diseases, allergies or premature death in humans. Air pollution can bring harm to other living organisms such as animals and food crops that we eat. In general, air pollution is the pollution of air by smoke and dangerous gases, chiefly oxides of carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen. Exhausting fumes from vehicles, the burning of fossil fuels, Radiation spills or nuclear accidents, destructive off-gassing from things such as paint, plastic production, and so on can cause air pollution.
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Soil Pollution is severe environmental pollution that our world is facing now. Soil pollution takes place when the existence of toxic chemicals, pollutants or impurities in the soil is in high. It presents a high risk to plants, wildlife, humans and indeed, the soil itself. The surplus, escalating the use of chemicals such as pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, and fertilizers is one of the main features causing soil pollution.
The primary cause why the soil becomes impure is on account of the presence of human-made waste. Human-made waste products are full of chemicals, and it can lead to soil pollution. Industrial activity, agricultural activities, waste disposal, accidental oil spills, acid rain, etc. are the main reasons for soil pollution. Effects of soil pollution include the effect on the health of humans, effect on the growth of plants, decreased soil fertility, toxic dust, changes in soil structure, etc.
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Noise pollution has become more of an environmental issue since the industrial age. It is disturbing or extreme noise that can harm the activity or balance of human as well as animal life. The cause of most outdoor noise globally is primarily originated from machines and transportation systems, motor vehicles engines, factory machine sounds, aircraft, and trains. Noise pollution can result from machines, construction activities, and music performances. Noise pollution can cause tinnitus, hearing loss, sleep disturbances, hypertension, high-stress levels, and other destructive effects on humans. It causes uneasiness and damage to living being’s mental and physical health.
Some other Main types of environmental pollution that we must be careful include:
- Light pollution: It is a broad term that denotes many problems that are caused by the useless, ugly, and pointless use of artificial light. Specific types of light pollution consist of light trespass, over-illumination, glare, light clutter, and sky glow.
- Thermal pollution. It denotes the sudden increase or drops off in the hotness of a natural body of water which may be ocean, lake, river, sea or pond by human influence. A general reason of thermal pollution is the use of water as a coolant by power plants and business firms.
- Radioactive pollution: It can happen because of the release of radioactive stuff or high-energy elements into the air, water, or soil on account of excessive human activity, either by mistake or intentionally.