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Environmental Science Sustainability Quizlet

  1. Which superpower withdrew from the COP?
  •     China
  •     The Ivory Coast
  •     United States

2. The World Commission on Environment and Development was created by:

  •     1963
  •     1883
  •     1983

3. The first report of the World Commission on Environment and Development is entitled …

  •     ‘Our Common Future’
  •     ‘Development for all’.
  •     ‘Sustainability, our hope’.

4. What are the pillars of sustainable development?

  •     Energy, economy and society
  •     Environment, economy and social
  •     Finances, human rights and nature

Read our Featured Guide on – What is environmental sustainability?

5. Name a goal of sustainable development.

  •     A habitat for everyone
  •     Gender equality
  •     A common future

6. The document with the 21st century recommendations on sustainable development is:

  •     The Green Paper 21
  •     Agenda 21
  •     21st century development

7. Who is one of the first thinkers of the development of the word ecology?

  •     Gro Harlem
  •     Ernst Haeckel
  •     Víctor Hugo

8. The book “Silent Spring” denounces …

  •     Terrorist attacks.
  •     The effects of pollution.
  •     The contours of urbanization.

9. The Conference of the Parties was held in 2015 in …

  •     Marrakesh.
  •     Paris.
  •     Born

 

  1. The world population is currently 6 billion. How much should it go in 2050?
  • – Answer A: 7 billion
  • – Answer B: 8 billion
  • – Answer C: 9 billion

according to the FAO, it should increase to 9 billion in 2050.

  1. What does FAO stand for?

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

  1. What are the forms of settlement and why do certain places concentrate all men?
  • Answer A: There is only one type of occupation and settlement of territories by human societies.
  • Answer B: There are three main types of occupation and settlement of territories by human societies.

There are three main types of occupation and settlement of territories by human societies: a sparse occupation of nomadic populations who move in search of resources; a denser rural occupation of fixed village populations and a very dense urban occupation.

  1. How is the divide manifested between rich and poor on the whole planet and between States?
  • Answer A: The richest 20% of human beings share all the riches of the planet.
  • Answer B: 20% of the richest human beings share 80% of the wealth of the planet.
  • Answer C: 50% of the richest human beings share 80% of the wealth of the planet.

B: 20% of the inhabitants share 80% of the wealth: humanity is first divided by living conditions and level of development. The wealthy live for the most part in developed countries, in Western Europe, in Australia, and in New Zealand, which are still called countries of the North.

 

  1. What role do borders play?
  • Answer A: the border plays the role of separation between the States
  • Answer B: the border serves to delimit a zone of conflict
  1. Borders separate states. They are human creations, inherited from the often complex history of various countries.

 

  1. How many sovereign states are there today?
  • Answer A: more than 100
  • Answer B: more than 150
  • Answer C: more than 200

C: Today there are more than 200 sovereign states.

 

  1. The existence of a border does not prevent the process of globalization from rapidly spreading to the whole planet. Give a definition of globalization  :

We can define globalization as the rapid dissemination to the whole planet of products, capital, information, cultural models, lifestyles of Western countries, North America in the first place , Europe and Japan then.

  1. Today, humanity is concentrated in the cities (answer A) or in the countryside?

Today, 45% of humanity lives in cities, urbanization has stabilized in rich countries, but continues at an accelerated pace in developing countries and benefits mainly the big cities.

  1. How many cities in the world exceed the threshold of 10 million inhabitants?
  • Answer A: around twenty
  • Answer B: around thirty
  • Answer C: around forty

Today more than thirty cities exceed 10 million inhabitants.

  1. What is the name given to the people of North China who conquered the territories that make up present-day China and now constitute more than 90% of the country’s population?
  • Answer A: the Hans
  • Answer B: the Hunnis

(the Hans) is the correct answer.

  1. What is the challenge facing agriculture in the 21st century?
  • Answer A: Feed the planet
  • Answer B: Preserve the health of consumers
  • Answer C: respect the environment
  • Answer D: all three at the same time

answer D, Nourish the planet, preserve the health of the consumer and respect the environment: this is the challenge that agriculture must take up in the 21st century.

  1. Does the improvement of the food situation benefit all regions of the world?
  • Answer A: Yes
  • Answer B: No

B is the correct answer. No, the improvement in the food situation has not benefited all regions of the world.

  1. What must developing countries do to ensure their food security?
  • Answer A: increase their agricultural production
  • Answer B: develop their cultivable area

Both answers are good. Developing countries must indeed increase their agricultural production for several more decades, to ensure food security for a population, with strong demographic growth.

  1. Forests play a crucial role against global warming. Why ?
  • Answer A: they store carbon dioxide
  • Answer B: they release CO2

A is the correct answer. Forests store CO2 and deforestation causes CO2 emissions.

  1. What is the IPCC?
  • Answer A: The Interprofessional Group of Studies on Climate
  • Response B: The Intergovernmental Group of Experts on Climate Change

It is indeed the intergovernmental group of experts on climate change. It is an intergovernmental body which was created in 1988

  1. We have observed global climate warming for more than a century (+ 0.6 ° C on average on the surface of the globe and + 0.9 ° C in France) with different disturbances and many consequences for man and the planet. What is largely responsible for this warming?
  • Answer A: to the increase in the greenhouse effect
  • Answer B: to the effect of noria

A is the correct answer. Human activities generate increased concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

For more further detailed information, read our guides on the related topics –

  1. New technologies serving the environment
  2. The limitations of new environmental technologies