Benefits and advantages of Living in Cities

City living can have many positive impacts compared to rural life. Because of these benefits, most of the world’s population live in cities now. While the rural lifestyle is less stressful, city lifestyle has a lot of people and more opportunities for people. With a rapid increase in urban growth, cities are becoming lucrative. It’s more likely people will walk in parks or get more exercise in city life than to their rural counterparts. There are some negatives to city life such as stressful lifestyles and fast-paced life which have to be tolerated to live in a good city. Obesity is also high in urban areas because of loss of exercise, but even in rural areas, people do a lot of manual work which helps maintain their stress and obesity levels. People might also know each more personally in rural areas than in city life. Although it is important to think of both sides, this article will focus on the advantages of living in the city rather than in rural areas or country side.

City Life

Here are some advantages of living in city:

  1. More job opportunities: In cities, there are a lot more jobs available and more opportunities for you to find a job than in the country or village lifestyle. Although the job market is a lot more competitive, in Indian cities particularly, there are a lot of job opportunities and a wide variety of jobs available that you can take part in. If you need to develop a skill, it is also likely that you can do a course to understand your skills and to get that job. If you are educated, then there are more jobs available for labour jobs, clerks, customer service to engineering jobs. This is one of the major reasons many people migrate from rural areas to urban city life.
  2. More chances of meeting new people: One of the major ways in which people get new opportunities is through meeting people and city life offers this. Wherever you go in the city, you will encounter new people and will be in the mix of meeting someone who can suggest an opportunity for you. There is also a lot of information and knowledge available in cities through the computer and internet which might not be available in the rural lifestyle. It’s likely you will become friends with a few people as you become more familiar with the city lifestyle and develop your own group of connections and network which will offer more opportunities
  3. A lot of varieties and choices: You have a lot more variety and choices in city life than in rural life because of the abundance and mix of people and culture. In a city like Bangalore, for instance, you find people from all walks of life and countries/cities. Many people are from North India and mix with local South Indians, and there are also people from USA who come to work here on job opportunities. So there is a melting pot of culture and people.  This suggests that cities are more connected to the world. This will help people to understand their own choices and themselves better in relation to what they like and dislike or which path will give them more opportunities in life.
  4. Better infrastructure and education opportunities: There are more educational opportunities and a lot of different courses and institutions available in cities. Although they might be expensive, it is also easier to get a bank loan in the city. If you have children, then it might be better to migrate to the city as they will have a lot more opportunities and will be exposed to a more modern lifestyle. There is always an opportunity to learn something new or develop something in a city. Since the pay is also higher in cities, with your job it will be easier to save money for the child’s education.
  5. More overall facilities and knowledge about health: There are more opportunities for a healthy lifestyle in cities such as good doctors and vaccination opportunities. People are known to live longer because they have purposeful lives and dedicate themselves to more worthy causes. Even NGOs like UNICEF work in major cities, bringing in more knowledge about health issues where even the poor can get access to flu vaccinations and so forth. There might also be more immunity because of the large population size. There is also a large pool of gyms and parks in cities that encourage people to walk and exercise. But, one negative issue is the pollution that might cause ill-health in cities which cities are struggling to tackle.

Other advantages of living in the city:

  1. Better & Reliable Public Transportation – because of the high population density in urban areas, public transportation is a basic requirement for people living in a city. A good public transport acts as a lifeline for city and thus needs to be reliable, accessible & efficient. The need of having a private vehicle may be felt but it’s necessity depend son individuals since most of the daily and routine trips can be made using the public transport. This is one of the highly valued advantage of living in a city.
  2. Multiple Housing options – Owning a house in urban areas and especially large cities is not really possible all the time. It depends on the person’s income & affordability. But urban areas provides wider options, you can always rent or share the house. Co-living is one such emerging concept. Since there are people coming from various places, you have more options available to meet your requirements and budget. Having such diverse housing options is one of the many pros of living in the city.
  3. A fast pace of life – Some of us like to live a fast pace of life. Things should be happening all around and just want to get things done as quickly as possible. This is the way of life in most of the urban areas. You will find people in hurry, going from one place to another all the time. Everyone is busy in doing something or the other. Fast pace of life is one of the reason of living in a city for many people.
  4. More Exposure & opportunities – Since cities are home to people from various background, expectations, background, learning, skill set etc; they provide a unique combination of such people. This provides you with more exposure as everyone has their own way of doing work and living life. You get to learn more from other.
  5. Cultural Diversity & vibrant communities – Some of the large cities attracts people from various cultural background. The mix becomes so large at times that the own identity of the town or city is hard to identify. Each culture has something to present and people start experimenting and exploring other cultures as well.
  6. Shopping/ Specialized Needs – Cities are home to largest shopping areas and specialized shops, showrooms. This is especially an advantage of living in a big city. No matter what your requirement is or how exclusive it is, you will always find the person or dealer for your needs. Such specialised shops are possible in cities because of the large population. Each type of business/ activity needs a threshold population to sustain itself as explained in Central Place Theory by Walter Christaller.

Obviously, there are a lot more advantages to city life and also a few disadvantages like increased exposure to various types of pollution, but it is true that a city brings more exposure and connects people to the world in comparison to a rural life. There has been a growth in city population in India and other countries and it is estimated that nearly 70% of the world’s population will live in cities by 2025. This is a large number and suggests that we should be more wary of finding more opportunities and a better life for people in cities. Although there is a difference between cities themselves and competition between them, migrating from rural life to a city life can be both challenging and exciting at the same time. It would be beneficial to adjust to city life and embrace the change because of the vast amount of opportunities it offers.

Related: Rural-urban continuum and causes of rural-urban continuum, Rural urban fringe: Concept, History, Reasons, Issues