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    Urban Planning – A largely unknown profession

    I am an Urban Planner by profession. A lesser known profession in a modern world. Yes, it is indeed a profession which remains largely unknown to the general public and even to concerned agencies. This is a major setback for the profession and he gravity of the problem might not reflect in mere words.

    Urban Planning - Unknown Profession

    The problem is the gigantic awareness gap. The well-known professions include doctors, lawyers, pilots, builders, chefs, mechanics but not urban planner. This can be attributed to the less publicised profession and the absence of information about it from the text books provided to school kids. Neither do movies ever focused on this profession nor any significant attempt was made to increase awareness about the same.

    Some have a vague idea about the profession and often confuse it with “Architecture” . Those who have a slight better understanding about planning defines it in their simplest words as Professional who put right things at right places by making master plans and policies. There also exist a completely different group of people who thinks if the profession similar to wedding planner, even planner or just anything with which they can associate planning. People do realise that planning is important but this is not because of their knowledge about the profession but because of the “obvious” reasons and common sense as everything requires planning. They take the generic & dictionary meaning of “Planning” into account while developing their understanding about it.

    Very few individuals (about a millionth fraction of billion of humans) outside the profession are aware about Urban Planners. Those pursuing planning have hard time explaining what planners do because of the complete lack of idea about planning in mind of people. Even after decades of existence of this profession, it still remains largely unknown.

    The tricky part is that it’s almost impossible to put Urban Planning in simple words or 2-3 sentences. Squeezing an enormously broad profession into few sentence isn’t an easy task. When asked about what do Urban Planners do they tend to start with phrases like master plans, land use plans, zoning, policies & use other jargon. The listener becomes clueless about what is being  discussed about and loses interest. It’s important to be on same level to make others understand of the countless things which planner do and are capable of doing. If a person is interested then it’s an awesome moment and feel proud to explain about your work. Planners do diverse work including data analysis & presentation, data mining, preparing good questionnaires for conducting various surveys, policy making, preparing different kind of master plans and city development plans, land use planning, heritage & urban conservation.

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    For a mature audience you can start with dividing it in three parts:

    • What is Urban Planning
    • What urban planners do
    • Give some examples of concerned agencies

    Discussion

    Learning from industry experts – 

    This will help the person in developing relation between the planning profession and their existing thoughts about the same. Pete Sullivan, AICP, Senior Associate with Clarion Associates in North Carolina starts the description as

    “Urban planning means making places better by putting the right things in the right place.

    It is an urban planner’s job to decide which things—like buildings, roads, and parks—should go in which places.”

    An alternate but simple & short description of Planning by Planetizen

    “A professional practice and an academic study focused on the future of built environments and connected natural environments—from the smallest towns to the largest cities and everything in between.”

    Related: Urban Planners grab second position in Canadian job ranking

    Nikola Miller, planning policy and practice officer for RTPI Scotland said:

    Many people assume that when you say you’re a planner that you work as a Development Management Officer for a planning department at a local authority. They think your job is deciding on planning applications, saying ‘Yes’ or ‘No’ to requests for house extensions and conservatories. That is what some planners in the public sector do. But it’s by no means the only option. Whatever route you take as a planner , you can be sure that you’ll be working alongside a diverse range of professionals. I don’t think that anyone gets into the planning profession just to ‘get a job’; people join the profession because they want to make a difference to the world. Planning, planners and the planning system are at the heart of finding solutions to big challenges facing our society. I’d encourage anyone with an interest in shaping the places we live and work in to join me as a planner.

    Think tanks with an interest in the built environment include the Centre for Cities, the Institute for Public Policy Research, Planning Futures, Create Streets, and Future of London. If you are interested in politics as well as planning, think tanks are an interesting area. A good number of planners work in academia, or balance academic work with work in the public and private sectors. As teachers and researchers they have influence over students, practitioners and policymakers, and will often conduct the original research that influences planning policy and practice.

    Trying a similar or a simpler approach than your existing attempts will help you convey a simpler and more effective message and make people learn more about the profession. It’s time that people know about the profession, the crucial role planners play. Planners can also be regarded as knowledge workers.

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    Related: Urban Planning Colleges in India

    8 Comments

    1. Why do people usually ignore development planners when discussing planning as a profession? Your article only emphasized on spatial/ physical planning. Nice article tho

    2. Hi
      Thanks for your comment and also awareness on this topic.
      With greater awareness and inclusion of research, we as planners can direct our planning towards forward/long term planning.
      All of the best!

    3. I agree with Kanishka. How do you explain the main differences between urban planning and landscape architecture. I understand they work together and I also understand that in the city scale, it’s the landscape architecture that analyses, plan and decide where to have a park, a square, a road, how they fit together…just like Frederick Olmsted and many others did. Maybe urban planning holds more technical details…well I don’t know, I just got confused

    4. I don’t expect planning will be popular among the public, at least not as medicine or law. That doesn’t trouble me at all. What troubles me though is, when planners do not have clarity on their own profession. Being in the discipline for over 10 years, I believe certain terminology have the depth and clarity to distinguish planning from other disciplines. The primary term being the ‘spatial’ aspect, everything planners do in practice or theory, ultimately drills down to how they relate to space. You could name it differently (property/ landscape/ environment) based on the scale. The other term is ‘being proactive’. That’s how planners do put right things in right places, or actually plan to do so by working with multifacetted variables.

    5. I would like to see how you differentiate urban design, from urban planning; especially, since many experts including scholars of architecture, planning and landscape architecture, have yet to reach clear consensus on this difference. I’m currently working in the industry, and I see engineers who does and capable of doing urban/ landscape design. So how do you differentiate that? In my opinion, if the public don’t know about planning, which is not uncommon around the world, they are more likely to not know about urban design.

    6. Actually it’s urban design and urban designer is something people don’t know, no accreditation body and mostly people think urban design is urban planning. Urban design is as different from Urban planning as Landscape architecture from core architecture.

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