What do you mean by Urban Planning?
Urban planning is the process of designing, developing, managing, maintaining, and controlling the physical environment of human settlements. It includes activities such as land use regulation, transportation systems design, environmental protection, housing policy, and economic development.
Urban planning has been practiced since ancient times but it was only in 1885 that the term was coined by Sir Ebenezer Howard in his book titled ‘Garden Cities of Tomorrow’. He believed that there should be a balance between the need for space and the need for social interaction.
Today, urban planning is considered one of the most important aspects of communities, and is essential for the health and prosperity of any city, state or country.
What is the role of Urban Planners?
Urban planners are professionals who administer the growth and development of a city, and prepare plans, layouts, policies, etc. for an urban area. They work closely with architects, engineers, landscape designers, economists, sociologists, bureaucrats and others to develop a plan for the future of a community. Urban planners must have multi-disciplinary knowledge and plot out the best use of land and geographic resources. A planner takes into account all the various interests involved in a project and tries to ensure that everyone gets their fair share of the pie.
Planning is not just about building roads and houses. It must also ensure that public spaces are safe and accessible to everyone, and that communities are environmentally friendly and sustainable.
Planners work closely with local councils and government agencies to develop policies and regulations that promote the best interest of the community. They also try to keep up with new technologies and trends in order to improve the way we live our lives.
Problems faced by the cities due to population growth
Cities face constant problems due to rapid population growth. These problems may arise due to lack of infrastructure, shortage of housing, pollution, congestion, poor health conditions, poverty, crime, unemployment, social tensions, etc. High population density is one of the major causes of air pollution and noise pollution. Population growth is a major problem faced by many cities around the world today.
Rapid increase in the number of vehicles leads to increased emissions of greenhouse gases and particulate matter into the atmosphere. There is no doubt that the rapid increase in the number of people living in cities has led to overcrowding, pollution, poverty, crime, and unemployment. In addition to this, the lack of affordable housing and inadequate infrastructure is leading to increased congestion, pollution, poor sanitation, and water shortages.
How Urban Planning helps in planned development of urban areas?
Planned developments of urban areas are required to provide better living standards for residents. They should also ensure safety and security of lives and property. Planned developments of urban areas require proper land use policies, adequate provision of civic amenities, efficient transport system, good water supply, sanitation, solid waste disposal, and effective fire fighting measures.
Urban planning not only promotes economic growth but also ensures better living standards for the citizens. For instance, urban planning enables one to build roads efficiently along with a feasible public transport, thereby reducing the time required to reach destinations. It facilitates designing and adapting city plans for population growth and development, along with management of city’s current infrastructure and urban resources.
Urban planning helps for a planned development in two major ways. First, it ensures that the right amount of land is allocated to each activity. Second, it ensures that the land is used efficiently. By taking into consideration the needs of all stakeholders, urban planners are able to achieve maximum efficiency while minimizing negative impacts.
Advantages and Benefits of living in a planned city
A planned city offers better opportunities to the citizenry. A planned city is designed keeping in mind the requirements of the present and future generations – to meet the needs of the present generation while ensuring the sustainability of the city for the next few decades.
Planned cities are regarded as more livable. People who live in planned cities tend to be happier, healthier, wealthier, and more satisfied with life than those who live in unplanned cities.
Living in a planned city offers numerous advantages over traditional forms of settlement. For starters, it allows us to enjoy better lifestyles. Here are the 6 advantages of living in a planned city
- First, it promotes healthy environments. With proper planning, we can reduce the risk of flooding, landslides, droughts, and earthquakes. We can also minimize the effects of climate change, including rising sea levels and extreme weather events.
- Second, it reduces the cost of living. Since everything is planned out ahead of time, there is little wastage in terms of resources.
- Third, it improves access to education. Schools, colleges, universities, hospitals, libraries, museums, parks, playgrounds, sports facilities, and recreational centers are all located conveniently close to home.
- Fourth, it fosters greater civic participation. People get to know their neighbours, and they become more connected to their community.
- Fifth, it encourages innovation. When people feel comfortable enough to experiment and innovate, they tend to come up with creative solutions to problems.
- Sixth, it leads to improved productivity. Workers spend less time commuting, and they have more time to focus on their jobs.