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Planning Theory

Sites of entitlement: claim, negotiation & struggle in Mumbai | Review

Overview: Understanding the basic need & fundamentals  The way fundamental organizations should be, and the way they are experienced by the general population dwelling in informal settlements is totally different. By and large, lawful and strategy structures are considered as sites of entitlement (Colin McFarlane and Renu Desai) to fundamental foundation and administrations, yet these …

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Plural Planning

Relation Between Advocacy & Plural Planning with case studies

Overview  – Advocacy Planning & Plural Planning Advocacy and plural plan making work on the simple principle to provide equity among all classes in the society, yet loopholes do exist. Studying them along with the claims, may lead to some solutions for the future plan making, if ever implemented. There is an inter-relationship between advocacy …

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Community Participation

Community Participation | Types, Process & Facilitation

Community participation is provided and facilitated by various legal provisions. In many countries constitution provides the basic framework for empowerment of both the urban local government and the citizens. The mechanism of creation of Wards Committees, local groups, self help groups etc provides the structure for citizens’ participation. Institutions of local government are highly participatory, primarily …

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Example of Systemic Change

An example of “Systemic Change” Systemic change is the ceaseless flow of change through time. It is inevitable. The human dependency on his environment and his competitive behaviour causes changes in ecology which must be carefully studied and dealt with especially in terms of planning. A planner should know how to guide and control these …

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Critical minimum effort Theory

The critical minimum effort theory was propounded by Prof. Harvey Leibenstein in his book Economic Backwardness and Economic growth. He discusses that underdeveloped countries are characterized by vicious circle of poverty which keeps them around a low income per capita equilibrium state. This circle is believed to be so vicious and deep rooted that no small effort …

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Collaborative Planning Theory

Collaborative Planning Theory

Collaborative Planning Theory is one of the most widely practiced theories which takes into account the roles  of the people for a better plan making. Four Components of Collaborative Planning Theory: 1. Arenas of discoursee are produced and reproduced. Arenas refers to the  spaces where negotiations and re-negotiations take place. Planning is an interactive and …

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Political Economy Model

Political Economy Model in Urban Planning

Political Economy Model in Urban Planning Political Economy Model aims at unearthing the power relations in and among different institutions. It studies the economic aspects of the government. It analyses the relation between impact of political actions such as policies and programmes on economics and the pure theory of economics which aims at studying the inter-relationships between …

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