Delineation Of Functional Regions

Delineation Of Functional Regions

  • This method involves the grouping together of units which display a considerable degree of interdependence.
  • Two basic approaches: (i) Flow analysis- based on actual observations of what people do.   (ii) Gravitational analysis- based on theoretical observations of what they might do.
  • The two approaches are explained below in detail.

A. Flow Analysis Method

  • Builds up flows on the basis of the direction and intensity flows between the dominant center and surrounding satellites.
  • Flows may be of several types: economic (road, rail, shopping or commuting); social (such as flow of students or patients); political (flow of govt. expenditure); information (newspapers, telephone calls), etc.
  • Graph theory: measures the relationship (economic, social, etc) between selected group of centers on the basis of flows between the centers. The no. of telephone calls is the usual flow criteria.
  • The flows are plotted in matrix form, from which primary and secondary flows into and out of each center can be identified.

B. Gravitational Analysis Method

  • It is concerned with the theoretical forces of attraction between centers rather than the actual flows.
  • This model assumes that the interaction between two centers is directly proportional to the ‘mass’ of centers and inversely proportional to the ‘distance’ between them.
  • ‘Mass’ is represented by variables like population, employment, income, expenditure and retail turnover.
  • ‘Distance’ is represented in physical terms (miles), time, price and intervening opportunities.
  • Mathematically
  • By calculating the potential for the centers, lines illustrating relative attractiveness, spheres of influence of various centers can be plotted on a map.
  • From such lines, functional regions can be identified.

Read about: Delineation of Formal Region,  Population Projection & Forecast