Infrastructure Financing Through Land Based Financing

Infrastructure Financing Through Land Based Financing

Infrastructure Financing through land The potential of using land based financing in Urban Local Bodies for infrastructure, has been mentioned by various studies. Commonly used land based instruments for financing urban infrastructure can be segregated into three types: Existing Land – Based Instruments S. No. Land-Based Instrument Examples 1. Monetary Exactions Betterment charges, impact fees 2.


Transformation of Berlin by Samreen

Transformation of Berlin by Samreen

The article on the city of Berlin is based on Samuel P. Huntington`s ‘The Clash of Civilization and Rethinking of World Order’. It theorizes cyclic process through which paradigms forms and re-forms. This is reflected in the transformations of physical environment and the philosophical basis of a generation. Based on this reading I have identified the


Informal and Formal Settlements (Indian Context)

Informal and Formal Settlements (Indian Context)

Abstract: Many of the significant urban transformations of the new century are taking place in the developing world. In particular, informality, once associated with poor squatter settlements, is now seen as a generalized mode of metropolitan urbanization. This article focuses on urban informality and challenges of dealing with the “unplannable” exceptions to the order of