Information processing theory is the study of neuroscience and psychology development of children. This approach based on assumption including attention, perception, and short-term memory. Information processing in humans resembles in the computer. Humans and computer adopt the same way of information. We are attending a particular activity we ignore other work but our mind is automatically distracted by something like ringtone sound, some people using our name.
Information processing theory:
This information theory is focused on children brain growth like mature, leading to observe the information and process and respond to the received information in their sense. When compared to human into the computer, which is responsible for analyzing an information from the environment. It passively holds the information and it can use that in the future. It about continues attention of the children brain growth and mental development.
Also Read: What is Information Processing Theory?
Simple psychology: This theory based on development psychologist who receiving information processing perspective by their mental development in the terms of changing basic knowledge of a child. A human can attend the one selective activity sometimes our attention automatically switch over to another unselective activity but cannot attend the same activity at a time. Our attention capacity is limited. The computer receives the information (input) and it stores and processes then it delivers output but human gathering the information from sense and stored to process by a brain and then gives the output behaviour wise. Cognition process as a goal in everyday life. For example, the everyday student has to listen their class for pass the examination it is the goal of the students. Attention is very important in the cognition process.
It is detectable in any manner by an observer. It describes everything happens in the universe from falling to change position in the digital computer. Cognitive psychology, information processing is understanding the human thinking in relation and also observe how they process the information same as the computer. Human’s mind gathering the information by brains and stores and retrieved that information at a longer time.
Store model: Is a breakdown of model information which state has been received and it can store in any processing units or the channels. This is a sensory register, short-term and long-term memory.
Sensory register: It is part of a mental processing unit it receives and stores all information temporarily or permanently. A human body has sensory receptor cells it helps to convert external energy into a message for brains. This conversion process creates the short term memory.
Short term memory/working memory: Short-term memory is a part of a sensory Register where it stores temporarily. The decision has been made once conformed regarding all information it will be discarded or transferred into long-term memory. These memories will last for 15 to 20 seconds. The main Types of the organization are the sequence, relevant and transitional. Our brain stays repetitions while we study something new.
Long term memory: In this part, all the memories are stored permanently. It can emit the unwanted memories later. Commonly happiness and the saddest memories are stored in this part. It is organized by imaginary structures. Information processing theory is mainly developed for the process of our memory. This is used to analyze our memory while receiving some information. Finally, find that there is a fixed pattern of process happens for certain situation. And also find that human brain is more similar to the computer. When the memory receives the new information, first it starts analysed and tests for some cases before stored in our mind.
Four main components of Information processing theory:
- Thinking: Thinking means if an individual receiving information, storing information and repeatedly searching for the information. Repeated searching of particular information is called thinking.
- Stimuli analysis: It means when the brain receives information and starts encoding, researching. Finally, it stimulates to take the final decision based on the research.
- Situational Modification: If the brain receives the information like any problem, then it starts to search the stored information and take the final decision based on the situation.
- Obstacle Evaluation: Obstacle Evaluation means to evaluate the critical situation. It helps to handle the critical situation in a successful way. This decides the intelligent and power of handling situation.
Applications of Information processing theory
Information process theory on teaching: Information process theory has educational references for students with some problems. The teacher who knows about this theory can change as per the teacher’s mindset. They direct the students and they make attention. If they have more information, they make suggestions for the good education to the students using cognition strategy. They teach to store the information in the late twelve months.
School-based interference has some range of changes for environments of classrooms. The program should be home-based. This should be self-manageable. There are four executive functions that have characterized Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood (ADHD) formation:
- Non-verbal memory – It has the ability to maintain sensory-motor information.
- Verbal memory – It has the ability to maintain the representation of speech.
- Self-regulation of effect – It has the ability to delay emotional reaction.
Reconstitution: It have non-verbal and verbal skills, it has flexibility and creativity for solutions. There are some principles for children with Alternating Hemiplegia of Childhood stemming:
- Rules and regulation given by the management are very important. It should be clear.
- If any consequences it must be delivered quickly.
Information process theory on education: The information process theory is used for how people will learn, think and view. It is used to understand the information processing model for teachers to provide suggestions in their learning experience. There are some concepts of learning:
- Active Learning
- Advance Organizers
- Over learning
- Individual Differences
Attention: To focus on student’s attention, it is to learn the tasks, to educate the management of classroom skills. Educators should pay attention to the students and they should attract them. Use novel procedures but don’t use more. Avoid speaking in a monotone. Help the students and if there is any information to tell write on the board. Ask questions to all the students or in a random manner. This may help students to be attentive. Avoid unnecessary distractions like noise.
Active learning: If the students are interested to learn they will enjoy learning themselves. You should encourage the students when they are volunteers came to answer. You should talk less and spend more time for interaction with students.
Meaningfulness: It is more important in the information process model. It shows how it is related to the other materials. You should give any information for multiple tasks. It is increased by applications of models. The new materials are learned better because when you are interested to learn
Organization: Meaningfulness is the concept of organization. The information has meaning. The students have provided with more informative materials. Use outlines to make the lesson clear. Teach them how to take notes, mapping. The students are used to find the ideas themselves.
Advance Organizers: The use of this type is to supply with the organization. Advance organizers have more information to learn. They have many instructions to learn.
Overlearning: Overlearning is to learn the information more easily. It provides meaningful information.
Automaticity: It is a concept of over learning. It provides students with more skills. Allow students to complete tasks.
Individual Differences: Allows students to think differently. Allow students to achieve goals. Allow the students to train the individual differences.