In this article we will briefly explain the way to conduct a philosophical dissertation. The dissertation is the written or discourse that discourse, understanding to speak as the action of exposing a proper and reasoned opinion on a specific topic. To note, choosing a topic is as difficult as choosing the best among two watch brands. IWC watches or Tag Heuer watches.
It is important to understand what a dissertation is and what is not. We have said that it is the exposition of an own opinion reason why we must define what is an opinion. Expressing an opinion, in the context of the dissertation, is radically different from expressing a view, the opinion is not founded and does not claim any objectivity, is not supported by an argument, is simply an expression of a subjective feeling or idea. For example, the phrase “I like your green suit, it’s very beautiful” is an opinion and not an opinion, at least in the context of a dissertation, since it lacks and does not seek to be founded; Opinions are also “I think Plato is right” or “this idea of Nietzsche is very real” because if these sentences do not go beyond expressing a baseless judgment they are not constructing any opinion.
In the definition of dissertation we said that it was a proper and well-founded opinion on a specific topic. That the opinion is proper is important, if we limit ourselves to exposing the judgment that Aristotle or Nietzsche have on the philosophy of Socrates we are not articulating a dissertation but a simple exposition of opinions of others; neither cite the teacher’s opinion is to lecture. Basing opinion means citing authors, readings, films or news that fuse your opinion and whose proposals you feel close to, you can also cite sources to criticize them in your dissertation but it is usual to quote them to support you since what is sought is that the position that you are expressing is reinforced in your argumentation. It is important that the rationale is not too pedantic, that is, do not cite dozens of sources just to quote without almost coming to mind, that greatly weighs the intelligibility of the dissertation and ends up looking like you’re not expressing your own opinion but a pastiche of opinions of others.
The foundation of the opinion is relevant but not as much as the argumentation; this is the most important element in the dissertation. To argue is to give the reasons why you have this or that opinion on the subject on which you speak. The rules of the argumentation are explicit in many manuals and notes, but, not to go into much depth, we can say that the rules of argumentation are rules naturally known by all as rational beings: draw conclusions, draw parallels, etc. When you are confronted with a topic to talk about, you should ask yourself, what is my opinion on this matter? And once you reflect and have your opinion clear you should ask yourself why I think what I think? The answer to this second question is the argumentation of the dissertation. Hope the article can help you in writing your philosophical dissertation.