Power plants are what produce the energy that powers the world. However, many people have no idea how an energy plant really works. What goes on inside of a typical energy plant is not nearly as mysterious as one might think. Put simply, electricity is the movement or flow of electrons through some type of material. The majority of power plants produce electricity with magnetic conduction. When many conductive wires are rapidly moved around inside of a magnetic field, electricity is produced. The magnetic field and conductive wires force electrons to flow, which is what generates energy.
It’s important to understand that different types of energy sources produce different amounts of energy. In most cases, a power plant converts one type of energy into another. For example, nuclear or fossil-fuel energy might be converted to heat or mechanical energy. It’s common for heat or mechanical energy to be used to turn the large blades inside of a turbine.
The large blades in a turbine are usually attached to a large shaft that is shaped like a pole. As the large blades inside of a turbine begin moving, the entire shaft starts to turn, which causes conductive wires to turn. The end result is electricity production that can be stored or sent directly to an energy grid. A number of variables can influence how much electricity is produced.
The number of coils, magnetic field size and turbine rotation speed are variables that determine how much electricity is produced. After electricity is produced inside of a power plant, it’s sent to a switchyard, which is where it’s sent to be prepared for customers. A power plant that runs on steam uses heat to convert water to steam.
Once the steam has been pressurized, it moves through pipes and spins a turbine. As the blades of the turbine spin, a generator is activated, which produces electricity. A hydroelectric facility uses water movement to spin a turbine, which generates electricity. There are three main types of power plants, and these power plants can run on fossil fuels, renewable energy or nuclear energy.
Nuclear power plants use a fission process to create electricity. The process that takes place inside of a nuclear power plant involves the splitting of atoms inside of low-grade uranium. By splitting the atoms apart, heat is generated, and the heat is what produces steam that is used to spin a turbine and create electricity. Renewable energy power plants are preferred by most people because the impact they have on the environment is minimal. A power plant that runs on renewable energy can generate electricity through wave action, ocean thermal, tidal action, solar, geothermal and hydro.