For centuries, psychology has gone hand in hand with pedagogy. This is due to the fact that the educational process it is necessary to take into account the psychological characteristics of students. Just as psychology is interconnected with the upbringing and education of a person, so pedagogy cannot exist, regardless of the sciences study personality. Knowledge of a teacher in the field of psychology can multiply the effectiveness of its activities.
For the successful solution of educational tasks in the process of education, it is necessary to know the psychological regularities of the process of personality formation, the age characteristics of children, individual, volitional and emotional criteria for psychological development, especially the cognitive and mental activity of students.
Psychological features of a person largely play a controlling role in shaping his development. However, the decisive function is performed by the social upbringing of a person, the living condition, training, and of course, education. A special role in psychological development is played by learning and teaching. Psychologists are inclined to believe that self-education cannot be conducted in isolation from the environment. This process occurs with the active interaction with the outside world.
Knowledge of psychology is a requirement for the preparation of future teachers. Understanding this science is the importance of the professional activities of students. That is why this science is an obligatory discipline in educational institutions that train future teachers.
The overall task of educational psychology is the identification, study, and description of the psychological characteristics and patterns of intellectual and personal development of a person in the educational process.
Based on the fact that the result of the training consists of the pupils getting a general education, it is forming a scientific worldview and preparing them for life. The teacher must know, in addition to the correct construction of the pedagogical process, an understanding of the general psychological patterns.
Educational psychology studies the facts, mechanisms, and patterns of pupils’ use of socio-cultural experience, the patterns of personal experience and intellectual development of the student.
All this is organized and managed by the teacher in different conditions and processes of education. Understanding the individual characteristics of students and their manifestation in learning activities allows teachers to foresee in which learning situations, conditions these manifestations will turn out to be favorable, and in which they may constitute a difficulty. The task of the teacher is to help the student find a suitable individual style of activity.
Individual Approach as a Part of Educational Psychology
One of the requirements of the teacher and the condition for effective organization of the educational process is to ensure the assimilation of knowledge by all students also an individual approach to everyone that can be achieved through knowledge of educational psychology.
Education of school-age students is unthinkable without knowledge of the age, gender and individual identity of the pupil. An individual approach to education for students implies taking into account their differential psychological characteristics (memory, attention, type of temperament, development of certain abilities, etc.). In other words, finding out how this student differs from his peers and how, in this connection, educational work should be built.
The individual approach in education has pedagogical and psychological aspects. In the first case, an individual approach is a part. The psychological aspect of the individual approach is expressed in the study of the individuality of the student’s personality in order to organize a pedagogically expedient education process. Psychology, in this case, is interested in individual manifestations of general psychological patterns in pupils, the study of only their inherent and unique combinations of these patterns and features.
What Gives the Understanding of Educational Psychology for Teachers
Education takes place at all stages of a person’s life and is least likely to be associated with a targeted influence on him, usually being expressed in obtaining a certain social experience, including in the process of transferring this experience. Knowledge and understanding of educational psychology allow the teacher to influence the performance, behavior of their students.
Abilities are formed and developed under the influence of the conditions of life and human activity, his training and education. However, the teacher should remember that this does not mean that, under the same conditions, all people equally develop intellectual abilities. It is a fact that mental development is associated with the biological maturity of a child, especially in the development of his brain. That is why this fact must be taken into account in educational work.
To organize a successful learning activity, the teacher should have a good understanding of the main characteristics of their students. To know their ability to perceive the material being studied, to memorize, process, and also to use the information being studied for solving various learning tasks. The teacher must know that in the process of learning, the student’s senses, his sensations, and perceptions are included in the work in the first place, then memorization and formation of associations, reflection and creative processing of information are included.
In this case, the success of pedagogical activity becomes completely dependent on the level of mastering by the future teacher of psychological information and methods of its use in the practice of professional behavior.
However, it should be noted that not all teachers know and understand their students enough, despite the fact that in recent years the theoretical training of teachers in the field of psychology has improved significantly throughout the world.
There is a significant number of pedagogical factors, stereotypes, and attitudes that influence the teacher’s understanding of the student’s personality. Changing and identifying such ideas will allow the teacher to overcome the stereotypes of his own thinking and expand the teacher’s vision of the psychological characteristics of his students. This, in turn, will help improve interaction with them, affect learning. Teachers are obliged to strive to ensure that each student works to the best of his abilities, feels self-confidence, feels the joy of educational work, consciously assimilates program material and moves ahead in development.
Author Bio: Annabel Kuper graduated Harvard Business School and studied many executive education programs. She is a business strategic expert by day and essay writing fanatic by night, writing all sorts of great content and expert writer at Phdify. Annabel already helped a lot of people with an essay writing and does not plan to dwell on it.