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Cities as Engines of Growth: The case of Amravati City by Disha Bhatt

Author Bio: Disha Bhatt is an Assistant Professor at Parul University and an innovator. She works on developing solutions for Sustainable management and policy related issues for Cities and urban environment. Her specialization includes the effects of climate change on cities, integrated management of Green buildings and infrastructure and sustainable urban and transport planning. She has published many papers in international journals and presently she is involved in research relating to Sustainable Mobility, Future Cities and Climate Change in the urban sector.

Abstract: The World Economic Forum is the International Organization for Public-Private Cooperation. It is the nonprofit organization working for making this world a better place to live by joining hands with politicians, academicians, and world leaders. It focuses on shaping global, regional and industry agendas. They project the cities who are the growth centers for urbanization which is going to take place by 2050. According to the world economic forum, the growth of Indian cities are derived from the achievement which has been done by the cities.

Introduction: The projected growth of urbanization has been expected to be around 2/3rd of the total population moving in cities. This article talks about the Emerging Amravati city the challenges that have prevailed in the shaping of the Amravati city. Highlights the key issues, tasks, criticism and employment intricacies that CM Kant had to cope up with. How CM Kant converted Crisis into opportunities without having any stable capital bifurcation. Amravati had dealt with one significant complexity of land pooling of 34000 acres of land which was nearly impossible because of the political hurdles from different parties. He also addresses the recent developments of new cities like Navi Mumbai, Gandhinagar, and Chandigarh. Kant wanted to make his city recognized amongst the top 5 cities in the world. How he achieved and overcame the challenges that came on his way.

Smart City

Review: The challenge was to develop rural areas so that cities will not be seen as something to be jealous of. India needed a second green revolution because of the disguise in unemployment, 58% of the population is dependent on agriculture. The logic of managing the urbanization process is by shifting that population into manufacturing. By 2050, 700 million people are going into urbanization That is on an average 30 India’s are shifting into cities, so we have to create almost 2.5 times of America and if we fail to do so every city of India will become a slum whereby as per the current scenario Mumbai and Delhi are already turning into one. India has so far been the most reluctant urbanizer. India has the least no of schemes for urbanization. We only study the western modules for urbanization rather than studying the different models from different countries. Example Singapore as to how it made a highly developed city through a compact, dense development. Yokohama as to how it reduced its waste by 40%.We need to constantly evaluate ourselves by studying all the available initiatives taken by different cities. India is just a beginner for urbanization, and if we do it right, our model will be studied by the rest of the world. This is the time for a change if we accept it the way it is and float in the direction we might get lost. India needs to set its goal straight towards the aim that India wants to achieve.

Challenges for India:

  1. Sustainability & livability
  2. Keeping up with A.I and Technology
  3. Climate Change policies
  4. Behavioral Changes for the citizens are the biggest challenges that India needs to overcome.

Some of the possible solutions for overcoming these challenges:

  • Choosing to make people smarter before cities
  • Accepting that technology cannot be escaped because it is a reality
  • Embedding public towards Mass Transit systems
  • Capturing Land Values and monetizing them
  • Recycling waste and water, Converting Garbage into energy
  • By not blaming elected personnel for the garbage that we throw on the road
  • Keeping our surroundings clean and not only our houses
  • Attitudinal changes can be achieved through leadership skills. Shifting from Lawlessness to lawfulness

Moving forward – Conclusion

India needs to create Infrastructure layers instead of going into speedy execution. The crux is having excellent infrastructure and detailed engineering to gain Urbanization. Preparation of continuous motivation for more important exercises for citizens should be made to make them more responsible towards urbanization. India is witnessing the future if growth and development, the upcoming generation will see the epitome of development and urbanization so to deal with it India will need to revive the crux of infrastructure and push the governance towards it. The aim to achieve and keep up with the Paris climate agreement is still a huge challenge for India and the emerging cities like Amravati, and Dholera. In order to solve the problem, India needs to trace all of the issues.