Thesis Statement | Meaning, Importance, Steps and Types

A thesis statement is used to summarize the main points of a paper or an essay. Usually, one or two sentences are included in the thesis statement that appears at the end of the introduction. Most research papers and academic essays require a thesis statement, which is considered as an answer to the research question.

Example of thesis statement

“To reduce the effects of climate change, the Government of the United States should immediately start to eliminate fossil fuels and invest in renewable energy. As a world’s most powerful economy, it can take global leadership to reduce carbon emissions.”

Importance of thesis statement

A thesis statement is among the most crucial aspects of a research paper.

It has the following functionalities:

  1. It establishes the purpose of writing a paper
  2. It declares the position of the researcher on the specific subject
  3. It guides the reader through the debate presented
  4. It keeps the reading focused on a particular discussion

A thesis statement must be taken into account throughout the process of writing a research paper or an essay.

The main body of the paper must:

  • Expand this statement
  • Support it with the pieces of evidence and examples
  • Argue its validity

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How to write a thesis statement?

Step1: Ask the research question. A question must be written that you want to answer in the paper. All the investigation must be related to this question. For example, “What are the advantages of using computers in a fifth-grade classroom?”

Step2: Find the answer and fix the position. After the initial investigation, a simple answer to the question can be written in this part. Such an answer should guide you through the writing process.

Step3: Support the answer with reason or evidence. In order to make an effective thesis statement of a paper, you must support the answer to the question with the evidence, logic, or reason. During the writing process of the essay, the thesis statement continues to be refined and developed. For example, the question mentioned above have a logical answer:

“By using computers, students will have more significant advantages in terms of technology and advance education.

It can enhance the creativity level and mental strength of the fifth-grade students.”

Thesis Statement Illustration

Steps to writing a good thesis statement

Firmness: Your thesis statement should indicate what you want to investigate in the paper. Writing an actual statement can be one of the most challenging aspects of the essay. That reason is you are trying to make sure it tells the reader precisely what you are trying to propose. Remember that the thesis statement is not the subject of the article. It is a point of view, or you can say the interpretation of the subject. For example, you may be writing a paper about the effects of adding fatty acid supplements to your diet, which is the subject of the essay. In this regard, a thesis statement will describe what you believe about adding fatty acids in your diet. You can consider them harmful or beneficial for health.

Uniqueness: The thesis statement must consist of a single idea to keep the writing focused on one thing. If you do not discuss a single concept and build on it, your article will quickly lose its way. In this way, you will not be able to answer the main points, and the reader will confuse during the discussion. So, try to stay on the main idea to achieve uniqueness.

Specificity: A thesis statement must be as specific as possible so that your position is clear about the subject. It should combine all the background information in your introduction to the topic. It must bring together all the information to a single statement, and it must not repeat the introduction as well.

Location: In some cases, the position of the thesis statement must be in the introduction, and sometimes it comes at the end. It is usually found in the first paragraph occupying one or two sentences. Some authors prefer to discuss it in the first paragraph and build the thesis after the introduction.

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Types of thesis statement

The way of presenting a thesis statement can vary depending on the objective of the work. There are three basic types of describing the thesis statement:


In this type, you may not want to make a persuasive argument, but you want to analyze, interpret, and evaluate the various points of the subject. In this case, it must outline the key aspects of analysis and introduce the conclusion as well. Following is an example of an analytical thesis statement:

“The history of Britain’s with Europe is very complicated. From the beginning, the UK has been hesitant to integrate into Europe fully, both economically and culturally. But Europe membership policy has changed over the past fifty years.”

This example of an analytical thesis statement is much more specific and guides the reader through the historical analysis that will carry out in the investigation.


If the main focus of the paper is to persuade the reader about a statement, then we can use this type in the thesis statement. To make it persuasive, you can add the reason or logic behind it that will argue the statement. Example of an argumentative thesis statement is:

“Without the help of firm hand and particular decisions of Barak Obama, the USA would never have appeared from the hole it was in early 2000.”

You can see in the example; the researcher uses the key ideas and pieces of evidence to convince the reader.


This type is useful when the purpose of the investigation is to explain and discuss the facts of a specific subject. The thesis statement should summarize the key points that will be covered during the writing. For example,

“Surveys and polls shed light on the statistics of the Brexit vote, which can be divided in terms of age, region, ethnicity, and educational level.”

This example establishes the categories and sources of information that the research paper will examine.

A thesis statement is changeable

It is a little easier to write a thesis statement in a research paper since you know the assumptions. But in an essay, you have to set up the goals and the general direction of the article. The thesis statement depends on the experiments does not mean that you must describe the thesis statement first. It will be perfect if you understand the background information and check sources before building a statement. By doing this, you will be able to modify the document as needed. A thesis statement is not already decided. You can modify it as you proceed towards developing the essay.

As you discover more data about the subject, you can slightly deviate your point of view. Once you complete your research or essay and ready to make the improvements, it is necessary to review your work. Each paragraph must relate to the thesis statement in some way. Otherwise, your reader will consider it as an irrelevant material. A thesis statement is an essential part of your research, and it is your job to get it right. A thesis statement is the best unifying feature of an article. It must remain flexible until the writing is completed. It must not cover more than what you analyze in your article, and it must be supported with specific evidence.

A thesis statement is a way to focus on the development of your article. For example, an informative essay will have a different thesis statement than an argumentative or persuasive. A thesis statement declares a specific assertion to the reader about what he will try to argue. It is the main idea of research or essay. If you make a strong thesis statement, it will be easier for you to formulate the rest of your work. The thesis statement helps the writer to stay focused on a particular subject.

How should students handle it?

Creating an effective thesis statement is one of the most challenging sections of the writing process. For a student who does not know the fundamental components of a thesis statement, such a task could end up being invincible. So, the term, thesis statement, terrifies many students, but there is no need to scare about it. Students must try the technique mentioned above that answers the question, “How to write a thesis statement?”

Tip for academic writers

Academic writers can use the thesis statement for guidance in creating a logical argument. If you make your thesis statement first, it will help you to narrow down your topic and focus on the thoughts you want to transfer to your readers in your investigation.

Summing it up

A thesis statement is a term that determines what you want your article to prove. If you are writing a research paper or an essay, you must keep your thesis statement highly accurate. You must provide complete data and a piece of evidence for every claim you do in the paper. Based on the discussions and information in this article, you can now create a thesis statement that will lead you to compose your thesis.