What are living walls | Benefits of living walls

What are living walls? Vertical Landscapes in terms of modular green walls add life and art to the interiors and exteriors of building envelopes, providing architects, designers and property owners with new creative possibilities.When many people first hear the term…
Demography, sources and availability of demographic data

Demography: Demography is the statistical study of human populations. Demographic characteristics of a country provide an overview of its population size, composition territorial distribution, changes therein and the components of changes such as nativity, mortality, and social mobility. Demography is important…

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT INDEX (HDI) What is the human development index (HDI)? The HDI is a composite index that measures a country’s average achievements based on 3 basic aspects of  human development: longevity, knowledge, and a decent standard of living. Longevity…
Human Poverty Index (HPI)

The Human Poverty Index (HPI) devised by United Nations (UN) which gave an indication of the standard of living in a country. It complemented the Human Development Index (HDI) and was first reported as part of the Human Development Report…
Effect of Air Pollution on Plants

Air Pollution effects plants also in number of harmful ways just like humans. The various toxic gases which are released in atmosphere triggers harmful chemical reactions. The burning of hydrocarbons in motor vehicle engines gives rise to CO2, CO, SO2 (sulfur…
What is Urban Growth

How to define Urban Growth Urban growth is defined as the rate at which the population of an urban area increases. This result from urbanization which is the movement of people from rural areas to urban areas. Urban growth may…
Population projection

What is population projection? Population projection deals with computations of future projection size and characteristics based on assumptions about future trends in fertility, mortality and migration.  Since it is not possible to predict the future trends in fertility, mortality and…
Hierarchy of Roads

A good planned city/town reacquires an efficient transport system. This can only be achieved if the town planner is well acquainted with different hierarchy of roads. Thus a town planner and transport planner must have a good understanding of hierarchy…
Delineation Of Functional Regions

Delineation Of Functional Regions This method involves the grouping together of units which display a considerable degree of interdependence. Two basic approaches: (i)Flow analysis- based on actual observations of what people do.   (ii)Gravitational analysis- based on theoretical observations of what…
Delineation of formal region

Delineation of Formal regions Regional delineation is the first step in the preparation of any regional development plan to ensure tentative operational area of planning. With in the planning region the frame of all regional studies could be undertaken and development envisaged.…
Methods of data collection

What are methods of data collection? Data are special type of information generally obtained through observations, surveys, inquiries, or are generated as a result of human activity. Methods of data collection are essential for anyone who wish to collect data.…
Garden City Concept

What was Garden City Concept by Sir Ebenzer Howard ? Garden City concept was introduced by Sir Ebenzer Howard in 1898. he had no training in urban planning or design but excelled in creating places which he called “magnets” where…