Chandigarh Master Plan by Le Corbusier
Chandigarh master plan was made by Le Corbusier. He conceived the Chandigarh Master Plan as analogous to human body, with a clearly defined head (the Capitol Complex, Sector 1), heart (the City Centre Sector-17), lungs (the leisure valley, innumerable open spaces and sector greens), the intellect (the cultural and educational institutions), the circulatory system (the network of roads, the 7Vs) and the viscera (the Industrial Area). The concept of the city is based on four major functions: living, working, care of the body and spirit and circulation. Residential sectors constitute the living part whereas the Capitol Complex, City Centre, Educational Zone (Post Graduate Institute, Punjab Engineering College, Punjab University) and the Industrial Area constitute the working part. The Leisure Valley, Gardens, Sector Greens and Open Courtyards etc. are for the care of body and spirit. The circulation system comprises of 7 different types of roads known as 7Vs. Later on, a pathway for cyclists called V8 was added to this circulation system. The basis of Le Corbusier’s master plan is a gridiron pattern of V3 roads (fast moving traffic)intersecting at half a mile across and three quarters of a mile up the plan, enclosing areas known as ‘sectors’. The plan area stretches between two river beds defining its natural boundaries on both sides.
Now, the department of urban planning lays down the controls for the sectors and buildings in Chandigarh. The department consists of two wings: Architecture wing and Town Planning wing. The Architecture Wing deals with the designing of Govt. buildings, Standard designs, architectural and frame control etc. whereas the Town Planning Wing prepares scheme for the implementation of Master Plan, Planning of new areas/Sectors, Zoning Plans, besides identifying land use zones. The Department also deals with zoning regulations and architectural control and standard design to the public on payment basis.
For more information about Chandigarh Master Plan check official website of Chandigarh