What is International Solar Alliance (ISA)?
International Solar Alliance is a group of more than 120 countries (alliance) which came together for generating clean energy using Solar Energy and thus reducing their carbon footprints and moving towards better, greener & cleaner future. To understand about International Solar Alliance we need to look at COP21 climate conference which took place at Paris in 2015 under The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
What is COP21 & significance of International Solar Alliance ?
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which works on reducing the pace of climate change or mitigates the climate change through environmental agreement held their 21st annual conference of Parties referred as COP in Paris from 30th November 2015 to 11th December 2015. This conferenced received its name as COP21.
This conference aimed at slowing down the carbon emissions and other green house gases to combat climate change widely known as Global Warming. This was aimed by various means with considerable focus on use of renewable energy instead of conventional (non-renewable) sources of energy like coal, petroleum etc. Considering a number of renewable energy options available and understanding their potential and limitations Solar Energy was given a lot of focus. Solar Energy being freely available, clean, now cheap and commercially viable was seen as a promising source of energy by the leader of countries attending the COP21 conference.
For tapping the solar energy approx 120 countries came forward to form an alliance which was known as International Solar Alliance which marked a great achievement in the conference. This initiative was taken from side of India’s Prime Minister, Narendra Modi which was supported by France and various other countries. Under this alliance the member countries will work together for using and shifting to solar energy for meeting their energy demand and requirements.
International solar alliance countries and their selection
The countries with rich solar energy on basis of their geographical location i.e. those lying fully or partially between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn are largely part of International Solar Alliance. Their location makes them receive large amount of solar radiation at most of the time of year and can utilize solar energy in cost-effective manner. The member countries of International Solar Alliance will work together to utilize the solar energy for electricity generation purpose and meeting the heating requirements by various methods.
List of prospective Member Countries and Territories for International Solar Alliance
|1. People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria||26. Congo – Democratic Republic of||51. Republic of Haiti||76. The Netherlands||101. Republic of South Sudan|
|2. Antigua and Barbuda||27. Congo – Republic of||52. Republic of Honduras||77. Republic of Nicaragua||102. Democratic Socialist Republic of Srilanka|
|3. Republic of Angola||28. New Zealand||53. Republic of India||78. Republic of Niger||103. Republic of Sudan|
|4. Argentina Republic||29. Republic of Costa Rica||54. Republic of Indonesia||79. Federal Republic of Nigeria||104. Republic of Suriname|
|5. Commonwealth of Australia||30. Republic of Cote d’ivoire||55. Jamaica||80. Sultanate of Oman||105. United Republic of Tanzania|
|6. Commonwealth of Bahamas||31. Republic of Cuba||56. Japan||81. Republic of Palau||106. Kingdom of Thailand|
|7. Peoples Republic of Bangladesh||32. Republic of Djibouti||57. Republic of Kenya||82. Republic of Panama||107. Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste|
|8. Barbados||33. Commonwealth of Dominica||58. Republic of Kiribati||83. Independent State of Papua New Guinea||108. Togolese Republic|
|9. Belize||34. Dominican Republic||59. Laos People’s Democratic Republic||84. Republic of Paraguay||109. Kingdom of Tonga|
|10. Republic of Benin||35. Republic of Ecuador||60. Republic of Liberia||85. Republic of Peru||110. Republic of Trinidad and Tobago|
|11. Pluri’National State of Bolivia||36. Arab Republic of Egypt||61. Libya||86. Republic of Philippines||111. Tuvalu|
|12. Republic of Botswana.||37. Republic of El Salvador||62. Republic of Madagascar||87. Republic of Rwanda||112. Republic of Uganda|
|13. Federal Republic of Brazil||38. Republic of Equatorial Guinea||63. Republic of Malawi||88. St. Lucia||113. United Arab Emirates|
|14. Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace||39. State of Eritrea||64. Federation of Malaysia||89. Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis||114. United Kingdom|
|15. Burkina Faso||40. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia||65. Republic of Maldives||90. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||115. United States of America|
|16. Republic of Burundi||41. Republic of Fiji||66. Republic of Mali||91. Independent State of Samoa||116. Republic of Vanuatu|
|17. Kingdom of Cambodia||42. France||67. Republic of Marshall Islands||92. Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe||117. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela|
|18. Republic of Cameroon||43. Gabonese Republic||68. Islamic Republic of Mauritania||93. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia||118. Socialist Republic of Vietnam|
|19. Republic of Cape Verde||44. Republic of The Gambia||69. Republic of Mauritius||94. Republic of Senegal||119. Republic of Yemen|
|20. Central African Republic||45. Republic of Ghana||70. United Mexican State||95. Republic of Seychelles||120. Republic of Zambia|
|21. Republic of Chad||46. Republic of Grenada||71. Federated States of Micronesia||96. Republic of Sierra Leone||121. Republic of Zimbabwe|
|22. Republic of Chile||47. Republic of Guatemala||72. Republic of Mozambique||97. Republic of Singapore|
|23. People’s Republic of China||48. Republic of Guinea||73. Republic of Myanmar||98. Solomon Islands|
|24. Republic of Colombia||49. Republic of Guinea-Bissau||74. Republic of Namibia||99. Federal Republic of Somalia|
|25. Union of Comoros||50. Republic of Guyana||75. Republic of Nauru||100. Republic of South Africa|
The list of countries in the above table is as per working paper of Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Govt. of India. Link of the same is Working Paper on ISA.
More information about International Solar Alliance & COP21
Formation of International Solar Alliance at COP21 is considered to be a landmark. For the first time all nations including the developed and developing nations came together consensus was reached to take steps for reducing the carbon emissions to slow down the climate change. For doing this responsibility being shared will be different with more responsibility will be shared by developed nations as compared to developing nations. This will be achieved by sharing of technology aimed at generating cleaner energy, increasing efficiency of existing power plants, pooling of funds for technology development.