International Solar Alliance

What is International Solar Alliance (ISA)?

International Solar Alliance is a group of more than 120 countries (alliance) which came together for generating clean energy using Solar Energy and thus reducing their carbon footprints and moving towards better, greener & cleaner future. To understand about International Solar Alliance we need to look at COP21 climate conference which took place at Paris in 2015 under The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

UNFCCC COP21

What is COP21 & significance of International Solar Alliance ?

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) which works on reducing the pace of climate change or mitigates the climate change through environmental agreement held their 21st annual conference of Parties referred as COP in Paris from 30th November 2015 to 11th December 2015. This conferenced received its name as COP21.

This conference aimed at slowing down the carbon emissions and other green house gases to combat climate change widely known as Global Warming. This was aimed by various means with considerable focus on use of renewable energy instead of conventional (non-renewable) sources of energy like coal, petroleum etc. Considering a number of renewable energy options available and understanding their potential and limitations Solar Energy was given a lot of focus. Solar Energy being freely available, clean, now cheap and commercially viable was seen as a promising source of energy by the leader of countries attending the COP21 conference.

For tapping the solar energy approx 120 countries came forward to form an alliance which was known as International Solar Alliance which marked a great achievement in the conference. This initiative was taken from side of India’s Prime Minister, Narendra Modi which was supported by France and various other countries. Under this alliance the member countries will work together for using and shifting to solar energy for meeting their energy demand and requirements.

Solar Panels
Solar PV Panels for generating electricity

 

International solar alliance countries and their selection

The countries with rich solar energy on basis of their geographical location i.e. those lying fully or partially between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn are largely part of International Solar Alliance. Their location makes them receive large amount of solar radiation at most of the time of year and can utilize solar energy in cost-effective manner. The member countries of International Solar Alliance will work together to utilize the solar energy for electricity generation purpose and meeting the heating requirements by various methods.

International solar alliance countries

List of prospective Member Countries and Territories for International Solar Alliance

1. People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria 26. Congo – Democratic Republic of 51. Republic of Haiti 76. The Netherlands 101. Republic of South Sudan
2. Antigua and Barbuda 27. Congo – Republic of 52. Republic of Honduras 77. Republic of Nicaragua 102. Democratic Socialist Republic of Srilanka
3. Republic of Angola 28. New Zealand 53. Republic of India 78. Republic of Niger 103. Republic of Sudan
4. Argentina Republic 29. Republic of Costa Rica 54. Republic of Indonesia 79. Federal Republic of Nigeria 104. Republic of Suriname
5. Commonwealth of Australia 30. Republic of Cote d’ivoire 55. Jamaica 80. Sultanate of Oman 105. United Republic of Tanzania
6. Commonwealth of Bahamas 31. Republic of Cuba 56. Japan 81. Republic of Palau 106. Kingdom of Thailand
7. Peoples Republic of Bangladesh 32. Republic of Djibouti 57. Republic of Kenya 82. Republic of Panama 107. Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
8. Barbados 33. Commonwealth of Dominica 58. Republic of Kiribati 83. Independent State of Papua New Guinea 108. Togolese Republic
9. Belize 34. Dominican Republic 59. Laos People’s Democratic Republic 84. Republic of Paraguay 109. Kingdom of Tonga
10. Republic of Benin 35. Republic of Ecuador 60. Republic of Liberia 85. Republic of Peru 110. Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
11. Pluri’National State of Bolivia 36. Arab Republic of Egypt 61. Libya 86. Republic of Philippines 111. Tuvalu
12. Republic of Botswana. 37. Republic of El Salvador 62. Republic of Madagascar 87. Republic of Rwanda 112. Republic of Uganda
13. Federal Republic of Brazil 38. Republic of Equatorial Guinea 63. Republic of Malawi 88. St. Lucia 113. United Arab Emirates
14. Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace 39. State of Eritrea 64. Federation of Malaysia 89. Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis 114. United Kingdom
15. Burkina Faso 40. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia 65. Republic of Maldives 90. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 115. United States of America
16. Republic of Burundi 41. Republic of Fiji 66. Republic of Mali 91. Independent State of Samoa 116. Republic of Vanuatu
17. Kingdom of Cambodia 42. France 67. Republic of Marshall Islands 92. Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe 117. Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
18. Republic of Cameroon 43. Gabonese Republic 68. Islamic Republic of Mauritania 93. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 118. Socialist Republic of Vietnam
19. Republic of Cape Verde 44. Republic of The Gambia 69. Republic of Mauritius 94. Republic of Senegal 119. Republic of Yemen
20. Central African Republic 45. Republic of Ghana 70. United Mexican State 95. Republic of Seychelles 120. Republic of Zambia
21. Republic of Chad 46. Republic of Grenada 71. Federated States of Micronesia 96. Republic of Sierra Leone 121. Republic of Zimbabwe
22. Republic of Chile 47. Republic of Guatemala 72. Republic of Mozambique 97. Republic of Singapore
23. People’s Republic of China 48. Republic of Guinea 73. Republic of Myanmar 98. Solomon Islands
24. Republic of Colombia 49. Republic of Guinea-Bissau 74. Republic of Namibia 99. Federal Republic of Somalia
25. Union of Comoros 50. Republic of Guyana 75. Republic of Nauru 100. Republic of South Africa

The list of countries in the above table is as per working paper of Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Govt. of India. Link of the same is Working Paper on ISA.

More information about International Solar Alliance & COP21

Formation of International Solar Alliance at COP21 is considered to be a landmark. For the first time all nations including the developed and developing nations came together consensus was reached to take steps for reducing the carbon emissions to slow down the climate change. For doing this responsibility being shared will be different with more responsibility will be shared by developed nations as compared to developing nations. This will be achieved by sharing of technology aimed at generating cleaner energy, increasing efficiency of existing power plants, pooling of funds for technology development.

Read about: Working Paper on ISALand Use Planning in India, National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC)

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